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Wakefield Trinity Rugby Union Results 1873-1895
Wakefield Trinity Rugby League Results 1895 to Date
South Africa
Pre 1950
1950-60
1960-70
1970-80
1980-90
1990-98
Super League
2017 onwards Wakefield Trinity
Semi-Finals and Finals
A-team and Sundries
Wakefield Friendlies
The Development of British Rugby League
Trinity Rhymes
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Honours

League Champions:

1966-67, 1967-68

Challenge Cup Winners:

1908-09, 1945-46, 1959-60, 1961-62, 1962-63

Yorkshire Cup Winners:

as a union club:

1879, 1880, 1883, 1887

as a league club:

1910-11, 1924-25, 1946-47, 1947-48, 1951-52, 1956-57, 1960-61, 1961-62, 1964-65, 1992-93

Yorkshire League Winners:

1909-10, 1910-11, 1945-46, 1958-59, 1959-60, 1961-62, 1962-63

 Division One Winners: 1998

 

 

Record attendance

37,906 (21st March 1936 Leeds v Huddersfield, Challenge Cup semi-final)

Club record:

30,676 (26th Feb 1921 v Huddersfield - Challenge Cup First Round)

The Development of British Rugby League

Some history and how the rules have changed. This is by no means exhaustive and I've tried to tie back to programmes where possible. A lot of sources give slightly different dates - a year here, a year there. I've avoided mentioning what was going on in Australia with slightly different rules, as that just confused me too much...

1845

First written rules of football at Rugby School published – in order to take a punt at goal (place kick) a ‘try at goal’ had to be earned by touching the ball down between the posts. Here they are

 

All matches were considered drawn after five days, but after three if no goal has been kicked...

 

No player could wear projecting nails or iron plates on the heels or soles of their shoes or boots

1858

Blackheath Rugby Club formed. This is the oldest non-university rugby club still in existence

1862

Rugby School rules were updated – see here  

1863

Football Association formed at the Freemason’s Tavern on Great Queen Street in London – rules proposed to get rid of running with the ball and ‘hacking’ (kicking in the shins). Blackheath refused to accept the rules and other clubs followed their lead

1871

21 clubs formed the Rugby Football Union at the Pall Mall restaurant in London. Depending on where you read it, the Wasp’s representative went to the wrong venue on the wrong day or wrong venue on the right day, realised his error but drank too much and stayed there. Good lad...

 

First Rugby Football Union laws were laid out – see here 

 

Games to be decided by majority of goals only. Reward for a ‘try’ continued to be an attempt to kick the ball over the posts

 

Place kicks, goals from marks and dropped goals all counted as one point. A touchdown was worth nothing except to have a ‘try at goal’

 

‘hacking’ (kicking opponents below the knee) was outlawed

1873

The Glorious Wakefield Trinity were founded as the Young Men’s  rugby arm of the Holy Trinity Church on George Street (demolished in 1952)

1875

Scoring modified slightly – number of goals still decided a match, but if the number of goals were equal or no tries had been scored, the match was decided by number of tries

1877

Number of players reduced from 20 to 15 a side

Pre-1886

Some clubs and unions had their own scoring systems - touching the ball down behind your own goal line was awarded a ‘minor point’ or ‘rouge’

1886

Match decided by the scoring of points. Pre-1886 various clubs had their own points scoring system

1888

Goal – 3 points, try – 1 point. When a goal is kicked from a try only the goal is scored

1888

penalty goal – 2 points

1891

Try – 2 points, penalty goal - 3 points, goal from a try – 5 points. Any other goal – 4 points

1892

Rugby Football Union decreed that the rugby ball had to be oval in shape (some brief experimentation with round balls)

 

Foundation of the Yorkshire and Lancashire leagues

1893

Try – 3 points, conversion – 2 points. Converted try - 5 points

1895

29th August 1895 21 clubs met at the George Hotel, Huddersfield to form the Northern Rugby Football Union and break away from the Rugby Football Union – but was still against professionalism, aiming only to make broken-time payments to players – breakaway clubs played in a single league

1895

Scrum-half had to retire behind scrum until ball was out

1896

Introduction of Yorkshire League due to problems of travelling

 

A deliberate knock on led to the opposing team getting a free kick as opposed to the previous scrum

 

Scrum-half had to feed the ball into the scrum from the same side as where the referee was positioned

1897

First Challenge Cup Final

1897

Line-out was abolished and replaced with a punt-out (a kick from the touchline into the field of play). Player could kick the ball into play in any direction

 

The value of all goals was reduced to two points

1898

Professionalism legalised but included ‘work clauses’ that players had to be in employment

1899

Location of restart following a try was moved from 25-yard line of the non-scoring team to the halfway line

 

Loose scrum now restarted play after a player had been tackled

1900

Defenders banned from charging at players taking a kick at goal

 

Location of where a penalty was awarded for obstruction was moved from where the incident occurred to where the ball landed

1901

Northern Rugby League formed

 

Two divisions introduced

 

If a player went into touch with the ball the game restarted with a scrum, not a punt-out. Punt outs still used if the ball was kicked into touch

 

Knock-on rule – a clean catch was no longer required and a knock-on given when if the ball was juggled forward but then caught

 

If an attacker knocked on and a defender caught the ball without it touching the ground, play continued

1902

Punt-out or kick-in was abolished. Scrum from 10 yards infield if ball was kicked into touch

1903

Kicking ball directly into touch was outlawed except for penalties

 

Penalty for ‘feet up’ in the scrum was introduced

1904

Rules changed to allow for full time professionals

 

Team had to have only 3 players in the front row of the scrum. Previously unlimited

 

If an attacker knocked on and a defender caught the ball, either with or without it touching the ground, play continued

1905

The ‘work clauses’ were repealed by the Northern Union

 

The Yorkshire and Lancashire Cups were introduced

 

One league re-introduced

1906

Play-the-ball rule introduced to replace a scrum after each tackle

 

Number of players reduced from 15 to 13 to allow more room for creative play

 

Player could be ‘held’ whilst on the ground or still on their feet

 

If the ball was kicked out on the full a scrum would be formed from where it was kicked out

 

Top 4 play-off introduced

1927

Play-the-ball rule altered to allow two defensive markers, tackled player and acting half-back

1929

First Challenge Cup Final at Wembley

1930

Loose forward had to be at the back of the scrum between the second rowers -

 

Scrum feed switched from attacking to defending team

1932

Scrums had to be formed at least ten yards from touch with referees on the blind-side

1935

Tackled player was required to drop the ball and heel it back, instead of placing it on the ground

1938

If a defender made the ball ‘dead’ a drop-out from under the posts was awarded rather than from the 25 yard line

1946

Play-the-ball rule changed – acting half-back had to be two yards behind tackled player/tackler and all other players had to be five yards behind

1948

International Rugby League Board established

1950

Field goal abolished (scored by kicking a loose ball above the cross bar and between the posts)

1954

First Rugby League World Cup took place in France

1959

Option of tap penalty was abolished - had to kick for touch or for goal

1964

Substitutes could be used to replace an injured player up to and including half-time

1962

Introduction of  two divisions

1964

Top 16 play off replaced top 4 play off

1965

Re-introduction of one division

  

Substitutes could be used for any reason up to and including half-time

1966

Four tackle rule introduced ending unlimited tackles

 

No-tap penalty rule abolished as the attacking team got a tap after finding touch following a penalty

1967

Teams allowed to play on Sundays to avoid competition with football

1969

Substitutions now allowed after half-time

 

Rugby league gains recognition as a sport in British Universities and Colleges. That was nice of them...

1970

Final Yorkshire County League Championship

  A substituted injured player could return to the pitch and replace the substitute, but only once in a game

1972

Six tackle rule introduced

 

Introduction of timekeepers to replace referees

1973

Two divisions re-introduced

 

Top 16 play-offs abandoned

1974

Drop-goals value reduced to 1 point

1975

Premiership play-off introduced for top eight Division One teams

1976

Introduction of differential penalty at the scrum (i.e. any scrum offences)

1981 Three point drop goal introduced -  if a player was fouled whilst attempting a drop goal he would get a penalty kick under the posts
  Maximum of four substitutions allowed

1982

County Championship ended

  Differential penalty if scrum-half is adjudged offside at the scrum

1983 

Hand-over introduced after sixth tackle, replacing a scrum

 

Non-offending team got head and ball at the scrum (previously varied according to which half of the field the scrum was being formed in)

 

Value of a try increased from 3 to 4 points

 

10 minute sin-bin introduced for technical offences or dissent

  Feeding the ball at the scrum must be on the ground (previously fed below the waist in a downward direction)
  Loose forward had to remain in the scrum unless team wasn't at full strength (could previously detach from scrum at any time)
  From kick-off, if the ball bounces over the dead ball line or goes to touch-in-goal without being touched by a defender, the defending team have to drop out (previously a 25 yard tap)
  If balll is kicked out on the full at kick off, the defending team get a penalty kick from the centre spot
  At the play-the-ball both sides must remain onside until the ball is clear of the tackled player and the player marking him (previously players could move up once the ball touched the ground)
1987 Any infringement after 5th tackle that didn't incur a penalty (knock-on, forward pass or direct kick into touch) was followed by a handover as opposed to the previous scrum
  Sin bin used for any aspect of foul play
  Tap from 22m line if the defending player catches a kick from his opponent on the full in general play (i.e. not following the kick-off or from a penalty kick) and does not elect to run
1988 No longer obligatory to send off a previously sin binned player
  Player could no longer play the ball to himself if there was a marker
  Only one marker allowed for the defending team

1991

Blood bin introduced

 

Illegal to steal the ball in the tackle

 

Heading the ball forward illegal

1992

County Cups abolished

 

10 metre rule introduced for the defending team at the play-the-ball

1994

Players could now go ‘on report’

 

Players lifting in the tackle to be penalised – ‘spear’ tackle

 

The three British Armed Services recognise rugby league as a sport

1995/98

Super League War

1995

Super League International Board formed to administer Super League globally

 

Rugby union declared an ‘open’ professional game by the International Rugby Board

1996

Historic Wigan v Bath rugby games

 

Scrums now set 20m from the touch-line

 

After a try the scoring team was now to restart

 

Play-the-ball – defending team could no longer challenge for the ball

 

Play-the-ball – tackled player could no longer  tap forward to himself

 

Video referee first trialled at the Super League World Nines

 

Zero tackle rule introduced – first tackle doesn’t count if a player gets the ball from the opposing team in general play

 

Ball stealing allowed in a one-on-one situation

 

6 interchanges allowed in Super League only

 

If the attacking team kick for touch and the ball goes bounces into touch off a defender who didn’t attempt to gain possession of the ball, the defending team still get head and feed at the ensuing scrum

 

Automatic two year ban for anyone testing positive for anabolic steroids. Lifetime ban if a second offence occurs

1998

The Rugby League International Federation was founded in Sydney, replacing the Super League International Board and is now responsible for the laws of the game

1999

40/20 rule introduced

2001

20 metre restart no longer delayed by referees

 

First and second halves end when hooter blows.

2003

Interchanges increased from 6 to 12

 

Knock-on given if no attempt was made by the attacking player to play the ball

2008

If a team kicks from the 20m restart and the ball bounces into touch or over the dead ball line they will get head and feed at the scrum

 

Loose forwards can no longer trap the ball in the scrum

 

Defenders  must stand with both feet behind the referee’s front foot to be onside at the play-the-ball

 

Defenders (when more than one involved) stealing the ball over the line will result in a penalty rather than a penalty try

2009

Golden point rule first applied in the UK in the Challenge Cup only to settle a drawn game

2010

Player ‘held’ if one leg of the ball carrier is lifted by a defender in the tackle. Previously only complete if both were lifted

 

Player held if being dragged by more than one defender

2012

Only 10 interchanges in a match – down from 12

 

If a player  in possession touches the corner flag he is no longer deemed to be ‘in touch’




Coaches

Ken Traill 1958-70         

Neil Fox 1970-74

Peter Fox 1974-76     

Geoff Gunney 1976     

Brian Lockwood 1976-78 

Ian Brooke 1978-79   

Bill Kirkbride 1979-80    

Bill Ashurst 1981-82     

Ray Batten 1982-83  

Derek Turner 1983-84 

Geoff Wraith 1984   

David Lamming 1984-85 

Len Casey 1985-86    

Tony Dean 1986     

Trevor Bailey 1986-87

David Topliss 1987-94 

David Hobbs 1994-95   

Paul Harkin 1995-96   

Mitch Brennan 1996-97 

Andy Kelly 1997-2000   

Tony Kemp 2000       

John Harbin 2000-01  

Peter Roe 2001-02    

Shane McNally/Adrian Vowles 2002-03     

Shane McNally 2003-05 

Tony Smith 2005-06    

John Kear 2006-11  

Richard Agar 2011-2014

James Webster 2014-2015

Brian Smith 2015-2016

Chris Chester March 2016